Sri Lanka at a Glance

Ancient Greek called it Taprobanē (Tambapanni), The Persians and Arabs referred to it as Sarandīb (Seiylan), The British called it as Ceylon later changed to Sri Lanka is a Beautiful Island Country in the Indian Ocean.

The Pre-history of Sri Lanka goes back 125,000 years and is rich with diversified cultures, religions, ethnicities & languages. Predominant Sinhalese ,Tamils,Muslims, Burgers & Malays coexist and live peacefully in the small island.

Sri Lanka is made up of about 100 “rivers,” most of which are mere wet-season rivulets. 208-mile-long Mahaweli River is the longest river in Sri Lanka. The general elevation of which ranges from sea level to about 1,000 feet (300 metres). Sri Lanka’s highest mountain—Pidurutalagala at 8,281 feet (2,524 metres).

Sri Lanka’s tropical location ensures perennially high temperatures, with monthly averages between 72 °F (22 °C) and 92 °F (33 °C) in the lowlands. In the Central Highlands, higher altitudes account for lower temperatures, with monthly averages between 44 °F (7 °C) and 71 °F (21.6 °C).

Tea is the main source of income to Sri Lanka. We are famous for spices of Curry Leaves (Karapincha) Turmeric (Kaha) Clove (Karambunatti) Cinnamon (Kurundu) Pepper (Gam Miris) Cardamom (Enasal) Lemongrass, Citronella (Sera) Ceylon Cinnamon exports represent 41.13% of world exports for this product, we rank number one (Trademap2013).

Facts of Sri Lanka

Official Name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government Type Republic
Location Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of theequator
Dimensions 430km North to South, 225km East to West
Coastline 1,340km
Area 65,525km
Currency (code) Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Independence 4 February 1948
Administrative Capital Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial Capital Colombo
Administrative Divisions Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March)bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June toOctober) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest Mountain Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area 8,
Population 21,128,773
Population Growth Rate 1.3%
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.) composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%
Gross National Product (GNP) Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figures of the world.s nations with $22.8 billion (2005)
Flag Description Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels
Population Density 309 people per sq km
Life Expectancy at Birth 74 female, 64 male
Literacy Rate Female 87.9 Male 92.5
Ethnic Groups Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Languages Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Religion Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time Zone Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
International Dialing +94
Electricity 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
Economy Sri Lanka's most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year.
Labour Force 34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)
Agriculture & Products Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea, Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish
Industries Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.
Exports Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
Imports Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main commodities from main import partners: India 19.6%, China 10.5%, Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2006)

Top Destinations

Sri Lanka is the most friendly and warm hearted people you will find in the world. Its rich in culture and accessible wildlife, its growing surf scene, its people who welcome you as your own kith & kin and beautiful friendly smiles makes the pearl of the Indian ocean your top destination.

Yala National Park

Yala National Park is home to a host of wildlife and birds you are bound to run into a group of elephants bathing in streams, tossing their trunks wildly or leopards nestling lazily on tree branches.

Udawalawe National Park

Udawalawe National Park is a must-visit place for wildlife lovers. You get a chance to get a glimpse of many animals including peacocks, water buffalo, crocodiles, jackals, monkeys and deer.


Sigiriya or the mount of remembrance is a World Heritage Site and one of the most stunning places to see in Sri Lanka. This giant formation of rock rises out of nowhere towering over everything in its vicinity.


Mihintale is a birthplace of Buddhism attracting hundreds of pilgrims to this site every year. It is a mountain located near the town of Anuradhapura.

Arugam Bay

Sri Lanka has a coastline of over 1600 km and is ideally suited for windsurfing, speed boating, and other water sports. It is the ideal place to sip coconut water, take in the scent of jasmine and allow the southern sun to tan your skin.


Trincomalee, among many similar Sri Lanka tourist spots, is blessed with a beautiful beach. If you are up for an underwater diving tour, then SLDT (Sri Lanka Diving Tours) will give you the best experience.

The Dambulla Cave Temple

The Damdulla Cave Temple is the largest temple complex in Sri Lanka. The temple is built on a black rocky mountain which serves as a nice contrast with the white walls of the temple.

Temple Of Tooth At Kandy

The Temple of Tooth in Kandy is iconic because of the history attached to it. With a quaint setup and interesting artifacts, this temple is worth a visit.

Polonnaruwa Sacred City

This city was once the ancient kingdom of Sri Lanka and walking into this still gives a feeling of the Golden Age. Inside this city there are still ruins of palaces, shrines and stupas which makes it one of the top tourist attractions in Sri Lanka.